On Fresh Air, Terry Gross interviews Robin Kelley, the author of Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original. In particular, they spend a fair amount of time on Trinkle Tinkle and Monk's life in the early fifties when he was arrested for heroin possession after Bud Powell passed on the drugs when they were stopped by the police. This resulted in the lost of his New York cabaret card until 1957.
Although Monk was ultimately diagnosed as bipolar, Gross also asks if he might have been autistic but Kelley thinks not.
They also talk about Monk's ability, unlike other bop musicians, to play with a strong left-hand as influenced by the great stride pianists like Willie "The Lion" Smith and James P. Johnson. From the book:
A later generation of bebop pianists would often be accused of one-handedness; their right hands flew along with melodies and improvisations, while their "weak " left hands just plonked chords. To the great stride players that gathered at Johnson's house and elsewhere, the left hand was just as important as the right...He [Monk] was exceedingly well grounded in the piano players who preceded him, adding his own originality to a very sound foundation.
Terry Gross goes on to gush about Monk's versions of standards including Gershwin's Nice Work If You Can Get it...